Deguricka cave


DEGURIĆKA CAVE (~ 33 km from Mravinjci)

As one of over 200 caves registered in Valjevski kras, Degurićka cave is distinguished by its specificity. In addition to the results of the research showed that this is the largest cave for this region, and most important karst springs. The study of caves have contributed to knowledge of Valjevski kras in general.

The cave is located about 5km south of Valjevo, 200m upstream of the hydroelectric power plant in the village Degurić, cut into the right valley side of the river Gradac. The entrance to the cave is located at 236m of elevation and faces the west. It is located below 20m high vertical limestone slope, which cuts the river Gradac. The entrance to the cave is 7m wide and 3.5m height.

Ulaz u Degurićku pećinu

Until recently, Degurićka cave was one of the longest in Valjevski karst, behind Plandište - Ponar and Petnica cave. In recent studies, in the period before 1999., It was discovered that the cave consists of a cave channel length of 540m and a secondary one 86m long. The main channel, in which runs a constant water flow, is ending with the siphon lake which marked the end of the previously known cave.

New research of Degurićka cave, in wich participated speleologist and divers of Speleological Group of Research Society "Vladimir Mandić - Manda" and Diving Club "Posejdon" from Valjevo, began in 1999., and continued during the 2000th, in 2001., and 2002nd year. Diving thro five siphons of Degurićka cave, she become the longest cave and significant karst springs in the region of Valjevski karst. So far, it is surveyed  2027.7m cave channels, from the entrance to the third siphon.
Details about ongoing research of Degurićka caves, as well as the results are available in the scientific publication og group member Dusice Trnavac, published in 2003rd year of the 15th Research Paper of  Society "Vladimir Mandić - Manda" from Valjevo.

Morphological characteristics

The main channel has direction of the south-west. Through him it is continously flowing stream. The measured lenght of the main channel to the second siphon is 807.5m, after the siphon it is recorded 500.1m channels. The cave has a total of six siphons, of which the first five are dived, while the last has not yet mastered. From the main channel, there is several side channels, and the total length of all recorded channels, to the third siphon, is 2027.7m.

Entrance – first siphon

The entrance of the cave is a triangular shape, width 7m, 3.5m height. At the 4 m from the the entrancein, in the ceiling is chimney, and the height of the channel at that point is 10m. Length of the main channel, to the first siphon is 450.8m. His  direction is south-west. Width of the entire canal and river flow is generally constant, and ranges from 3m to 4m, although there are some parts where it comes down to 1m or spread up to 7m. It is similar to the height of the channel. The average height is about 5m, minimum is 1.3m, and the maximum height is 10.4m. From the entrance on both sides of the watercourse are accumulative terraces built mostly of clay. The average water depth is 0.7m with fluctuations from 0.1m to 3.5m. The bottom of the cave channels is generally with tick fine sedimenty, although there might be the fallen rocks or boulders. In addition to the small number of stalactites, stalagmites and calcite salivs, this part of the cave is without many speleoforms.